When asked to name something about working for an NFL team that people would be surprised to learn, I often describe the amount of time front offices spend on injury and medical issues. And that amount is increasing every year.
The injury factor in the NFL influences management decisions—and game outcomes—as much as any other dynamic in the game. The best laid schemes, plans, depth charts, scouting metrics, etc. can be altered in a heartbeat based on injuries not only to star players, but to backups and even fringe players. At this time of year I often remember a line from Packers general manager Ted Thompson, who was animated (for him) on this subject: “Injuries are the bane of our existence.”
The early part of training camp commonly brings sprains and strains of hamstrings, glutes, groins, calves, ankles, etc. The immediate ramp-up from vacation to the intensity of practice is a recipe for muscle pulls, frustrating coaches who, limited by CBA restrictions, crave on-field time with the players.
This year, there have been a rash of more serious season-ending injuries to players such as Jeremy Maclin, Dennis Pitta, Danario Alexander, Joe Morgan, Dan Koppen and Bryan Bulaga—all before a preseason game was even played.
Theories to explain this early cluster of injuries abound, although all are speculative. Some suggest the extended time away for players in the offseason due to the new CBA is a factor, although there was no similar data after the locked-out offseason of 2011 or with the same schedule as this year in 2012.
No team is immune from injury, but there are ways to attempt to lessen the odds: fewer “live” full-contact practices, avoiding players with injury histories, more joint-specific training, etc.
Speaking of training, strength and conditioning staffs have started to emphasize core work and injury-preventive measures more in recent years. The more focus on injury prevention, the better, in my opinion. This is an area ripe for positive change.
The business of injuries
The NFL salary cap is unforgiving, including not only active players but also those on practice squad, PUP, injured reserve, etc. Although the active roster limit is 53, some teams end up carrying over 70 players on their cap by late in the season due to injury issues.
Many players have “split” contracts that designate a lower salary if the player is placed on injured reserve. Some splits only trigger in the preseason; others activate any time of year if the player moves off the active roster. Some splits are for the minimum split number ($288,000 for rookies this year); others for a higher amount between the minimum split and the “up” salary ($405,000 for rookies this year). The variances are based on leverage, or lack thereof. In some contracts, negotiations over the split can be more involved than those over salary and bonus.
In managing the cap, I tried to enter training camp with $10 million of room, budgeting for in-season player extensions and expected injury issues. Better to be conservative in planning for injuries that may never happen than be unprepared if and when they occur.
Availability and durability: added value
On the other side of the injury equation are players who rarely, if ever, miss time. Availability and durability are qualities that, in my experience, cannot be overestimated. I regularly factored them into contract decision-making.
Players can be extremely talented and/or have exceptional work ethic, but they need to be available. During my nine years in Green Bay, Brett Favre provided us great value beyond his performance on the field. We never worried about the availability of our best player at the game’s most important position.
The down side to Brett’s uniqueness was that he made it virtually impossible to sign free agent backup quarterbacks. I constantly heard from agents and players of potential veteran backups—before drafting Aaron Rodgers—with comments such as “I want at least a chance to play!”
“Get him out of here!”
Far removed from the headlines of training camp are the tiny agate-type transactions of injury settlements: negotiated payouts for players not projected in the team’s future plans.
As I wrote last week, many players on training camp rosters have little to no chance of making their teams. When these players are injured, their value to the team—taking reps in practice and preseason games so regular players can rest—is greatly diminished. They then become extraneous parts, diverting resources of the training and conditioning staff away from frontline players. Thus, with players like this, I would often hear the instruction in the headline above: “Get him out of here!”
Teams cannot release injured players; doing so subjects them to an injury grievance. Thus, an injury settlement precludes the player from filing a grievance in exchange for payment for the projected time of healing and rehabilitation (elsewhere).
These settlements—I negotiated dozens of them—are an awkward dance, with the team projecting one healing period and the agent, often through a second opinion, projecting another (longer) one. Common ground is usually reached, although some do not and end up in front of an arbitrator months later.
I tried to handle injury settlements as humanely as possible, but it’s a merciless ritual: the team wants the player to go away and pays what is required to make that happen.
As the interminable march to the regular season continues, many injured players will be left in the wake of the preseason. In a variation on my mantra on the business of football: so many (injured) players, so few jobs.